'''Alfred Binet''' (; July 8, 1857 – October 18, 1911) was a French psychologist
who invented the first practical IQ test
, the Binet–Simon test.
[O. L. Zangwill, 'Binet, Alfred', in R. Gregory, ''The Oxford Companion to the Mind'' (1987) p. 88]
In 1904, the French Ministry of Education asked psychologist Alfred Binet to devise a method that would determine which students did not learn effectively from regular classroom instruction so they could be given remedial work. Along with his collaborator Théodore Simon
, Binet published revisions of his test in 1908 and 1911, the last of which appeared just before his death.